- ALGAZI, ISRAEL JACOB BEN YOM TOV
- ALGAZI, ISRAEL JACOB BEN YOM TOV (1680–1756), halakhic scholar and kabbalist, grandson of both (Nissim) solomon algazi and Joseph Ḥazzan . Probably born in Smyrna, Algazi lived in Safed, and for a few years, prior to 1730, in Smyrna. He was a member of a closed circle of kabbalists headed by Jacob Vilna. Algazi copied and published Ḥemdat Yamim (Smyrna, 1731–32), with many of his own glosses. By 1737 he was in Jerusalem and, a year later, dedicated "Neveh Shalom Berit Avraham," a yeshivah founded there for him. Algazi became head of Bet El, a bet midrash for pietists, and was consequently known as "the pietist rabbi." His was the first signature on the constitution of the kabbalistic group Ahavat Shalom. Algazi was appointed chief rabbi upon the death of his colleague, Isaac ha-Kohen (1755), but he died the following year. One of the most productive scholars of his time, he wrote many halakhic and homiletic works including Emet le-Ya'akov (Constantinople, 1764) on the laws of Torah scrolls; Ara de-Rabbanan (ibid., 1745), reprinted with Judah Ayyash's commentary; Afra de-Ara (Leghorn, 1783), a methodology for Talmud and codes; Ḥug ha-Areẓ (Jerusalem, 1910; with addenda, 1927), on the laws of Purim; Ne'ot Ya'akov (Smyrna, 1767); Kehillat Ya'akov (Salonika, 1786), a methodology; Shalmei Ẓibbur and Shalmei Ḥagigah (Salonika, 1790), on the laws of prayer and blessings; sermons Part 1, Shema Ya'akov (Constantinople, 1745); and Part 2; She'erit Ya'akov (ibid., 1751). Some of his works still survive in manuscript form. Ḥ.J.D. Azulai , an acquaintance, condensed and completed Algazi's work, Emet le-Ya'akov, which he published under the title Le-David Emet (1786). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Benayahu, Rabbi Ḥ.Y.D. Azulai (Heb., 1959), 351 ff.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
ALGAZI, YOM TOV BEN ISRAEL JACOB — (1727–1802), kabbalist and halakhist. He studied with his father and was a close friend of Ḥ.J.D. Azulai . Both studied under R. jonah navon and R. shalom sharabi . Algazi was a member of the Ahavat Shalom group of kabbalists and signed its… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALGAZI — ALGAZI, family which flourished between the 16th and 19th centuries in Turkey, Crete, Ereẓ Israel, and Egypt, and produced a large number of rabbis, kabbalists, and authors. Its members include (1) ABRAHAM BEN MOSES (1560?–before 1640), born in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SHELUḤEI EREẒ ISRAEL — (Heb. emissaries of Ereẓ Israel ), the name for messengers from Ereẓ Israel sent abroad as emissaries to raise funds. During the patriarchate after the destruction of the Second Temple, emissaries were sent in groups (TJ, Hor. 3:7, Pes. 4:8);… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Talmud — Rabbinic Literature Talmudic literature Mishnah • Tosefta Jerusalem Talmud • Babylonian Talmud Minor tractates Halakhic Midrash Mekhilta de Rabbi Yishmael (Exodus) Mekhilta de Rabbi Shimon (Exodus) Sifra (Leviticus) Sifre (Numbers Deuteronomy) … Wikipedia
RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Sephardic Judaism — is the practice of Judaism as observed by the Sephardi and Mizrahi Jews, so far as it is peculiar to themselves and not shared with other Jewish groups such as the Ashkenazim. Sephardic Judaism does not constitute a separate denomination within… … Wikipedia
BURLA — BURLA, family of Jerusalem rabbis from the 18th century onward; members of the Burla family are also found in Greece and Turkey. ISRAEL JACOB BURLA (d. 1798) is mentioned in 1770 as one of the seven leading scholars who headed the Jerusalem… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CAIRO — CAIRO, capital of egypt . The presence of Jews in Cairo can be traced to a very early date. Fustat (old Cairo) was founded in 641 by the Arab conqueror of Egypt, ʿAmr ibn al ʿÂṣ, near the Byzantine fortress Babylon. It is almost certain that Jews … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rishon LeZion (title) — Rishon LeZion ( he. הראשון לציון) is the title given to the Sephardic chief Rabbi of Eretz Yisroel. Its literal meaning is first of Zion similar to first lady , and comes from a verse in Yeshayahu 41:27.In the beginning of the 17th century this… … Wikipedia